There are few articles reporting the optical properties of this website PAAO layers formed in different electrolytes including Selleckchem Rabusertib phosphoric acid [16, 17]. However, they have emphasized on the contribution of the type of the electrolyte, and no mention about the effect of anodizing condition on the PL properties of the anodic films formed in the phosphoric acid electrolyte. This topic is studied by us in detail. Main text The first part of this study is to prepare PAAO membranes
through two-step anodization of high purity (99.997%, Alfa Aesar, Karlsruhe, Germany). First of all, aluminum foils are cleaned in ethanol and acetone in sequence using ultrasonic vibration, and the foil surfaces are chemically cleaned in a mixture of HCl, HNO3, and H2O with molar ratios of 10:20:70, respectively. To improve the pore order, the aluminum foils are first annealed in ambient nitrogen at 500°C to increase the aluminum grain
size and reduce their internal grain boundaries in order to achieve long-range homogeneity in the foils. Then, the aluminum foil surfaces are electrochemically polished using a mixture of H3PO4, H2SO4, and H2O with 4:4:2 weight ratios, respectively . As reported in [7, 8], this process can decrease foil surface roughness down to submicron scales and remove the surface imperfections which are present on the aluminum foil after its rolling. The anodizing BAY 11-7082 mouse is carried out in a homemade anodizing cell cooled down to 2°C using high purity phosphoric acid as the electrolyte (85 wt.%, Merck, KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany). The foil temperature PTK6 is kept constant at 1°C. Various anodizing voltage and time are used. After anodizing, the remaining Al substrate is etched away in a saturate solution of HgCl2 at room temperature in order to achieve transparent aluminum oxide membranes. A VEGA- TESCAN scanning electron microscope (SEM) system (Brno, Czech Republic) is employed to confirm pore formation in the anodic layers and study size and morphology of the membrane pores. The PL spectral
measurements are carried out on a PL spectroscopy LS55 system (PerkinElmer Inc., MA, USA) equipped with a Xe lamp as the light source. The PL results are Gaussian fitted, using the ‘Peak Fitter Toolbox’ in Matlab software (The MathWorks, Inc., MA, USA), in order to investigate quantitatively the effect of the anodizing parameters on the PL emissions and display formation of different point defects in the prepared membranes. Discussion SEM analysis A typical SEM planar view of a PAAO membrane, prepared as described above, is illustrated in Figure 1. This membrane is anodized at 130 V for 20 h in the phosphoric acid solution. Since both sides of the prepared membranes are etched in a saturate HgCl2 solution, partial etching of the membrane pores is occurred. As a result, the morphology of the membrane pores is disordered, and the pore internal diameters appear different (see Figure 1).