From a research perspective, much remains unknown about perpetrators, and work in this area may in theory ultimately prove of practical importance. In the aftermath of the second World War, writers were motivated to tackle such issues as the concept of the authoritarian personality.33 While more recent research has continued Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical to investigate antisocial personality disorder, there appears to be a relative dearth
of information about “ordinary” perpetrators, and about the sociocultural and psychobiological factors that may be relevant to preventing perpetration in the future.34 At the same time, of course, there is an immense gap between the average victim of apartheid and the average perpetrator of gross human rights violations in South Africa, and this must be clearly acknowledged. Ultimately, the pain and suffering of the survivor does and Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical should remain paramount. It is important to emphasize, as have many authors who have undertaken research on perpetrators, that understanding perpetration by no means implies condoning it.34,35 Failure to provide intervention Is it morally justifiable to spend selleck chemicals resources on a study of people Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical who have experienced gross human rights violations without subsequently receiving just recompense? Providing an assessment of needs is assuredly an important first step in directing resources towards survivors of human rights violations.
However, in the South African setting, although the TRC has already documented the existence of past violations, it has so far failed to deliver the bulk of reparations. Is there an acceptable rationale for spending more Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical money in order to demonstrate past trauma and current gaps in medical services? We would argue that it is erroneous to draw too quick a distinction between
science and research as value-free and processes such as the TRC as sociopolitical. Research on trauma and posttraumatic responses may be invaluable in making a statement about the need for appropriate resources for traumatized subjects. Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical The TRC certainly reached a similar conclusion (about the need for additional resources for traumatized South Africans), but it did not provide detailed clinical and disability data that would indicate the extent of resources Dacomitinib necessary. Thus, there would appear to be a crucial need to demonstrate the extent of trauma and consequent psychopathology in South Africa, and to use these data as the basis for developing appropriate interventions. It is important to document not only suffering but also resilience to trauma. Similarly, there are a range of pathways to health; in South Africa these likely include the use of traditional healers and participation in religious communities. Given that medical resources are limited in many parts of South Africa, the use of nonmedical resources may be crucially therefore helpful.