“Polysaccharide was testified to be the main component of

“Polysaccharide was testified to be the main component of Flammulina velutipes for inhibiting AChE activity in our preliminary study. Therefore, response surface methodology, based on Box-Behnken design, was used to optimize the ultrasonic extraction conditions

of F. velutipes polysaccharides (FVP). Four independent variables (ratio of water to raw material, ultrasonic power, ultrasonic time, and ultrasonic temperature) were taken into consideration. A quadratic model, adequate for reasonably predicting the yield of FVP, was constructed between ultrasonic conditions and yield of FVP. A yield of FVP of 8.33% was obtained under a modified condition (ratio of water to material of 25 ml/g, ultrasonic power of 620 W, ultrasonic time of 20 Selonsertib cell line min, and ultrasonic CP673451 clinical trial temperature of 45 degrees C). Subsequently, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazine (DPPH) scavenging activity of FVP were determined. AChE inhibitory rate of 18.51% and DPPH scavenging rate of 61.24% were obtained at 0.6 mg/ml of FVP, indicating a good potential of FVP to enhance learning and cognitive ability. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Introduction: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the recommended first-line treatment for

staghorn stones. To achieve complete stone clearance, PCNL may require using multiple tracts. Objective: To evaluate outcome of PCNL in patients with staghorn calculi and its correlation with the number of tracts and stone features. Materials and Methods: One hundred consecutive patients with staghorn renal stone who underwent PCNL were included in S3I-201 order the study. Perioperative and postoperative features were recorded. Correlation of the variables with number of tracts and stone size was assessed. Results: Mean age (+/- SD) was 49.6 +/- 14.7 years. Our patients were ASA class I. The mean cumulative stone burden was 365.9 +/- 156.5 mm(2). The mean number

of tracts was 2.4 (range: 1-7), and stone-free rate was 83%. The stone-free rate (p = 0.026) and hospital stay (p = 0.005) correlated with stone size, but not with number of tracts. Postoperative fever correlated with stone size (p = 0.017) and number of tracts (p = 0.037). Conclusion: PCNL using multiple tracts seem to be effective and safe in treatment of staghorn calculi. Most outcome measures correlated with stone size rather than number of tracts. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“This article provides an overview of the ethical issues associated with penile transplantation, a form of composite tissue allografting. There is only one reported case of human penile transplantation, and, as such, this technique is considered to be experimental. The ethical issues at stake involve both the graft donor and the graft recipient.

The individuals with genotype GG for SNP2 had a 25 7% increase in

The individuals with genotype GG for SNP2 had a 25.7% increase in lean meat color score and a 146% increase in chuck short rib

score, compared with genotype AA. The cattle with genotype AG for SNP3 had 35.7 and 24% increases in dressing percentage and 28.8 and 29.2% increases in back-fat thickness, compared with genotypes GG and AA, respectively. Genotypic combination analysis revealed significant interactions between SNP1 and SNP2 and between SNP2 and SNP3 for Selleckchem Z IETD FMK the traits rib-eye area and live weight. We conclude that there is considerable evidence that DNMT3b is a determiner of beef quality traits.”
“A general framework to calculate the Zener current in an indirect semiconductor with an externally applied potential is provided. Assuming a parabolic valence and conduction band dispersion, the semiconductor is in equilibrium in the presence of the external field as long as the electron-phonon interaction is absent. The linear response to the electron-phonon interaction results in a non-equilibrium system. The Zener tunneling current is calculated from the number of electrons check details making the transition from valence to conduction band per unit time. A convenient expression based on the single particle spectral functions is provided, enabling the evaluation of the Zener tunneling current under any three-dimensional potential profile. For a one-dimensional potential profile

an analytical expression is obtained for the current in a bulk semiconductor, a semiconductor under uniform field, and a semiconductor under a non-uniform field using the WKB ( Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin) approximation. The obtained results agree with the Kane result in the low field limit. A numerical example for abrupt p-n diodes with different doping concentrations is given, from which it can be seen that the uniform field model is a better approximation than the WKB model, but a direct numerical

treatment is required for low bias conditions. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3595672]“
“A kinetic model able to adequately describe the accumulation of p-topaquinone in peroxidase-mediated oxidation of L-dopa was developed and the rate constants for both enzymatic and non-enzymatic branch were estimated either experimentally www.selleckchem.com/products/SB-202190.html or using a computing program for detailed kinetic simulation It is demonstrated that the accumulation of p-topaquinone in significant amounts occurred in excess of hydrogen peroxide or during auto-oxidation of L-dopa but changes in the ratio of initial concentrations of the reactants can reduce considerably the production of this intermediate (C) 2010 Elsevier B V All rights reserved”
“Grain softness protein (GSP) is an important protein for overcoming milling and grain defenses in the innate immunity systems of cereals. The objective of this study was to evaluate and understand GSP sequences in selected wheat, rye and triticale.


juniper consumption for individual observations


juniper consumption for individual observations ranged from -5 to +62% of the diet. Data were analyzed with a mixed model that included management group as a fixed effect, BW as a covariate, and permanent environment, animal, and residual as random effects. Management group was a significant source of variation. Least squares means of juniper consumption, as a percentage of the total intake, for management groups varied from 19 to 47%. Heritability of juniper consumption was 13%. Repeatability of juniper consumption was 31%. These results suggest that progress to selection for goats learn more that will consume greater amounts of juniper is obtainable, but is expected to be slow.”
“Contact wetting angle of Pd43Ni10Cu27P20, Pt57.5Cu14.7Ni5.3P22.5, Au49Ag5.5Pd2.3Cu26.9Si16.3, and Zr57Nb5Cu15.4Ni12.6Al10 bulk metallic glass forming alloys have been determined on materials that are used in micro and nano fabrication. Employing the sessile drop technique at a temperature above the corresponding melting temperatures, www.selleckchem.com/products/yap-tead-inhibitor-1-peptide-17.html three kinds of wetting behaviors are observed, spanning from theta approximate to 140 degrees, over neutral wetting, theta approximate to 80 degrees, to almost complete

wetting, theta < 5 degrees. The origin for complete wetting is the formation of an interface phase promoting wetting. Estimations of the contact wetting angles are presented for temperatures in the supercooled liquid region where micro and nano fabrication is typically carried out. Consequences of the observed wetting behaviors for nanoforming are discussed. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3615630]“
“Background and aims: Elevated plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) concentrations

are a hallmark of obesity and are considered to contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease. As adipose tissue constitutes a major source for PAI-1 in obesity, we investigated the individual contribution of subcutaneous and intra-abdominal fat on PAI-1 concentrations during pronounced weight loss after bariatric surgery.

Methods and results: Thirty-seven obese adults were examined before and 18 months after surgery. Abdominal fat distribution was determined by ultrasound, metabolic parameters and plasma PAI-1 levels AZD3965 clinical trial by standard methods. BMI was reduced by 9.2 +/- 4.9 kg/m(2), while total fat mass and visceral fat diameter (VFD) decreased by 20.7 +/- 11.9 kg and 4.2 +/- 2.3 cm, respectively. Concomitantly, PAI-1 levels diminished by 3.2 + 5.6 ng/ml (all p <= 0.015). Change in PAI-1 levels was correlated with change in VFD (r = 0.441, p = 0.008), but not with subcutaneous fat diameter. In stepwise multiple regression analysis change in VFD was an independent predictor of change in PAI-1 concentrations. When adjusted for age and sex or total fat mass associations between PAI-1 and VFD remained significant.

Further stent developments? Wait and see! – Many additional quest

Further stent developments? Wait and see! – Many additional questions were raised and answered or are still under investigation. Obviously, answers were not always simple and needed a closer look and this is discussed. The BASKET trials proceeded not only from one question to the other, but also in size and methodology. From the restricted single-centre “”local”" BASKET

study to multicentre international long-term trials, all prospective, randomized and investigator-driven. Their relevance was acknowledged by publications in major medical journals as buy MK 8931 well as by their impact on US and European practice guidelines and on DES research. These aspects are summarised in the present review, highlighting lessons learned from each study and commenting on the possibilities and difficulties of performing such clinical research in Switzerland.”
“CoFe/Al2O3 composite nanoparticles were successfully prepared by hydrogen-thermally reducing cobalt aluminum ferrite. Compared with CoFe alloy nanoparticles, the permeability Metabolism inhibitor of CoFe/Al2O3 composite nanoparticles was remarkably enhanced and an improved impedance characteristic

was achieved due to the introduction of insulated Al2O3. A multilayer absorber with CoFe/Al2O3 composite nanoparticles as the impedance matching layer and CoFe nanoflake as the dissipation layer was designed by using genetic algorithm, in which an ultrawide operation frequency bandwidth over 2.5-18 GHz was obtained. The microwave

absorption performance in both normal and oblique incident case was evaluated by using electromagnetic simulator. The backward radar cross-section (RCS) was decreased at least 10 dB over a wide frequency range by covering the multilayer absorber on the surface of perfect electrical LDC000067 clinical trial conductive plate. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3564939]“
“Cell death is a ubiquitous process whose immunological consequences can influence the course of infectious, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. While cell death has long been dichotomised in terms of apoptosis and necrosis, other forms of death can occur and they vary in their capacity to stimulate as well as inhibit inflammation. The pro-inflammatory activity of dead cells results from a wide variety of intracellular molecules that are released as cell permeability increases during death. These molecules have been termed as DAMPs (damage associated molecular patterns) or alarmins. Among these DAMPs, HMGB1, a nonhistone nuclear protein, serves as the prototype. Although HMGB1 was originally thought to act alone as a cytokine, recent studies suggest that its immunological effects result from complexes of HMGB1 with either other DAMPs or with PAMPs (pathogen associated molecular patterns).

“To assess the contribution of alcohol, drug abuse and sui

“To assess the contribution of alcohol, drug abuse and suicide attempts to out of hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) who are admitted to our intensive care unit (ICU).

Retrospective review of all OHCA admitted to the ICU over a 2-year period.

There were 26 OHCA. Six patients survived, all of whom had a cardiac aetiology for their arrest. Ten patients arrested due to external factors (drug misuse n = 4, alcohol excess n = 1, suicide attempts n = 4 and accidental choking n = 1). All of the patients who arrested secondary to external factors were young (37.2 +/- A 13.58 years), 90% were male and all died in hospital. All of the cases of drug misuse involved cocaine.


drug misuse and suicide attempts contribute buy Fludarabine significantly to the number of OHCA Selleck MEK162 which are admitted to ICU. Moreover, cocaine usage has contributed to a number of OHCA in our study.”
“The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae in Taiwan and to compare the clinical courses of pediatric patients with macrolide-resistant (MR) M. pneumoniae and macrolide-susceptible (MS) M. pneumoniae infection. Patients were among the children admitted to Chang Gung Children’s Hospital with mycoplasmal pneumonia between February and December 2011.

Detection for macrolide resistance was performed after informed consent was obtained. We retrospectively reviewed medical records and compared the clinical courses of two groups of patients of 73 children enrolled into our study. The rate of macrolide resistance in M. pneumoniae was 12.3 %. Longer hospital stay was observed in the MR patients than MS patients [median, 7 days vs. 5 days (P = 0.019)]. Clinical features or radiographic or laboratory findings are not helpful

to differentiate MR from MS mycoplasmal pneumonia. Early diagnosis of MR mycoplasmal pneumonia is crucial for the best management of these patients and obviates the need for extensive etiological searches of these nonresponding cases.”
“Effect of constitutive GDC 0032 expression of the aceEF-lpdA operon genes coding for the enzymes of NAD(+)-reducing pyruvate dehydrogenase complex on the anaerobic production of succinic acid from glucose by recombinant Escherichia coli strains was studied. Basic producer strains were obtained by inactivation of the main pathways for synthesis of acetic and lactic acids through deletion of the genes ackA, pta, poxB, and ldhA (SGM0.1) in E. coli MG1655 strain and by additional introduction of the Bacillus subtilis pyruvate carboxylase (SGM0.1 [pPYC]). A constitutive expression of the genes aceEF-lpdA in derivatives of the basic strains SGM0.1 P-L-aceEF-lpdA and SGM0.1 P-L-aceEF-lpdA [pPYC] was provided by replacing the native regulatory region of the operon with the lambda phage PL promoter. Molar yields of succinic acid in anaerobic glucose fermentation by strains SGM0.1 P-L-aceEF-lpdA and SGM0.

Results The prevalence of A1 (odd ratio = 0 45, P = 0 0009) and

Results. The prevalence of A1 (odd ratio = 0.45, P = 0.0009) and A3 (odd ratio = 3.86, P =

0.0006) was significantly higher in HNP group than control group. The allele frequency of A1, A2, A3, A4, and A5 were 84.2:84.6, 7.3:15.4, 8.5:0, 0:0, 0:0, respectively, in surgical and conservative treatment group. The allele frequency for A3 was found significantly higher in the surgery group than in the conservative treatment group.

Conclusion. These results suggest that Vadimezan nmr a high allele prevalence of A3 contribute to the clinical progression and the response to conservative treatment for lumbar HNP. IL1RN gene polymorphism may affect the clinical course of lumbar HNP.”
“Parthenocarpy is potentially a desirable trait for many commercially grown fruits if undesirable changes to structure, flavour, or nutrition can be avoided. Parthenocarpic transgenic tomato plants (cv MicroTom)

were obtained by the regulation of genes for auxin synthesis (iaaM) or responsiveness (rolB) driven by DefH9 or the INNER NO OUTER (INO) promoter from Arabidopsis thaliana. Fruits at a breaker stage were analysed at a transcriptomic and metabolomic level using microarrays, real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and a Pegasus AZD1208 datasheet III TOF (time of flight) mass spectrometer. Although differences were observed in the shape of fully ripe fruits, no clear correlation could be made between the number ML323 cost of seeds, transgene, and fruit size. Expression of auxin synthesis or responsiveness genes by both of these promoters produced seedless parthenocarpic fruits. Eighty-three percent of the genes measured showed no significant differences in expression due to parthenocarpy. The remaining 17% with significant variation (P < 0.05) (1748 genes) were studied by assigning a predicted function (when known) based on BLAST to the TAIR database. Among them several genes belong to cell wall, hormone metabolism and response (auxin in particular), and metabolism of sugars and lipids. Up-regulation of lipid transfer proteins and differential expression of several indole-3-acetic acid (IAA)- and ethylene-associated genes were observed in transgenic

parthenocarpic fruits. Despite differences in several fatty acids, amino acids, and other metabolites, the fundamental metabolic profile remains unchanged. This work showed that parthenocarpy with ovule-specific alteration of auxin synthesis or response driven by the INO promoter could be effectively applied where such changes are commercially desirable.”
“In this study, experimental and numerical studies were performed to investigate the relationship among the functionalization method, weight fraction of MWCNTs, thermal imidization cycle, and mechanical properties of various PAI/MWCNT composite films. Poly(amide-co-imide)/multiwalled carbon nanotube composite films were prepared by solution mixing and film casting.

Thus, the Young’s modulus of the sample containing 20% clay was i

Thus, the Young’s modulus of the sample containing 20% clay was increased by 193 times, while the oxygen permeability was decreased about seven times, in regard to the corresponding values of the neat polymer. The obtained results were explored on the basis of nanoscale phenomena and it was concluded that

the organized structures and intercalated regions observed on highly loaded samples are attributed to the competitive effect between weaker polymer-polymer interactions in relation to stronger polymer-clay ones. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 123: 1812-1821, 2012″
“Background: The emergence of Plasmodium knowlesi in humans, which is in many cases misdiagnosed by microscopy as Plasmodium malariae due to the morphological BI 10773 mouse similarity has contributed to the needs of detection and differentiation of malaria parasites. At present, nested PCR targeted on Plasmodium ssrRNA genes has been described as the most sensitive and specific method for Plasmodium detection. However, this method is costly and requires trained personnel for its implementation. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), a novel nucleic acid amplification method was developed for Selleck H 89 the clinical detection of P. knowlesi. The sensitivity and specificity of LAMP was evaluated in comparison to the results obtained via microscopic examination and nested PCR.

Methods: LAMP assay was developed based

on P. knowlesi genetic material targeting the apical membrane antigen-1 (AMA-1) gene. The method uses six primers that recognize eight regions of the target DNA and it amplifies DNA within an hour under isothermal conditions (65 degrees C) in a water-bath.

Results: LAMP is highly sensitive with the detection limit as low as ten copies for AMA-1. LAMP detected malaria parasites in all confirm cases (n = 13) of P. knowlesi infection

(sensitivity, 100%) and none of the negative samples (specificity, 100%) within an hour. LAMP demonstrated higher sensitivity compared Ricolinostat cost to nested PCR by successfully detecting a sample with very low parasitaemia (< 0.01%).

Conclusion: With continuous efforts in the optimization of this assay, LAMP may provide a simple and reliable test for detecting P. knowlesi malaria parasites in areas where malaria is prevalent.”
“Association mapping was used to dissect the genetic basis of drought-adaptive traits and grain yield (GY) in a collection of 189 elite durum wheat accessions evaluated in 15 environments highly different for water availability during the crop cycle (from 146 to 711 mm) and GY (from 9.9 to 67.3 q ha(-1)). For highly heritable traits (e.g. heading date, kernel weight, etc.) several significant experiment-wise marker-trait associations were detected across five or more (up to 13 for kernel weight) environments, with R-2 values ranging from ca. 5 to 10%. As to GY, significant associations (R-2 from 2.5 to 4.

“During the 20(th) century

Switzerland, like many

“During the 20(th) century

Switzerland, like many other Western countries, experienced significant ageing of the population over the age of 65. As the lifespan selleckchem of the Swiss population increases, so does the prevalence of falls. A multiplicity of fall prevention programmes are available, but extracting their most effective components remains a challenge. This article summarises the results of current studies on fall prevention, with a particular focus on methodological quality and successful reduction of fall incidence in vulnerable older people. Characteristics of effective fall prevention programmes in the fields of exercise, home modifications, appropriate footwear and walking aids are assessed. We then briefly discuss how these study results can be adapted to the Swiss context. This knowledge emphasises an interdisciplinary approach in the prevention of falls, the objective being to reinforce

autonomy, promote health and enhance quality of life in vulnerable older people.”
“Essential oils are used in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals. Despite the recent marketing of novel essential-oil-containing patches, there is no information on their production, constituents, or physical properties. The objectives of this study were to Fer-1 research buy produce essential-oil patches and characterize their physical properties. The essential oil of Lavandula angustifolia (lavender) was included at concentrations of 2.5% to 10% in patches manufactured from the exudate gum karaya,

propylene glycol, glycerol, emulsifier, and optionally, potato starch as filler. Inclusion of essential oil reduced patch strength, stiffness, and elasticity relative to patches without essential oil. Inclusion of starch in the essential-oil patches strengthened them, but reduced their elasticity. Patches’ adhesion to substrate was examined by both peeling and probe-tack tests: the higher the inclusion of essential oils within the patch, the larger the decrease in its adhesion to substrate. Addition of starch to essential-oil-containing patches increased their adhesion relative to their essential-oil-only click here counterparts. Scanning electron micrographs of the patches provided evidence of entrapped starch granules. Although inclusion of essential oil reduced both the mechanical properties and adhesion of the patches, a high proportion of essential oil can still be included without losing patch integrity or eliminating its adhesiveness to the skin.”
“Background: Patients with neutropenic fever after 4-7 days of broad-spectrum antibiotics are given antifungals empirically. This strategy may lead to over-treatment.

Methods: Patients with hematological malignancies undergoing intensive chemotherapy or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were randomized to two arms.

03, Fisher exact test) The Simple Shoulder Test score, the Ameri

03, Fisher exact test). The Simple Shoulder Test score, the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score, and all visual analog scale scores had improved significantly

(p < 0.01) at the time of the latest follow-up.

Conclusions: Total shoulder arthroplasty with a minimally PRN1371 cemented, all-polyethylene, pegged glenoid implant can yield stable and durable fixation at short to medium-term follow-up (mean, four years).”
“P>A group of selenium (Se)-hyperaccumulating species belonging to the genus Astragalus are known for their capacity to accumulate up to 0.6% of their foliar dry weight as Se, with most of this Se being in the form of Se-methylselenocysteine (MeSeCys). Here, we report the isolation and molecular characterization of the gene that encodes a putative selenocysteine methyltransferase (SMT) enzyme from the non-accumulator Astragalus drummondii and biochemically compare it with an authentic SMT enzyme from the Se-hyperaccumulator Astragalus bisulcatus, a related species that lives within the same native habitat. The non-accumulator enzyme (AdSMT) shows a high degree of homology with the accumulator enzyme (AbSMT) but lacks the selenocysteine methyltransferase activity in vitro, explaining why little or no detectable

levels of MeSeCys accumulation are AZD6094 Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor observed in the non-accumulator plant. The insertion of mutations on the coding region of the non-accumulator AdSMT enzyme to better resemble enzymes that originate from Se accumulator species results in increased selenocysteine methyltransferase activity, but these mutations were not sufficient to fully gain the PLX3397 activity observed in the AbSMT accumulator enzyme. We demonstrate that SMT is localized predominantly within the chloroplast in Astragalus, the principal site of Se assimilation in plants. By using a site-directed mutagenesis approach, we show that an Ala to Thr amino acid mutation at the predicted active site of AbSMT results in a new enzymatic capacity to methylate homocysteine. The mutated AbSMT enzyme exhibited

a sixfold higher capacity to methylate selenocysteine, thereby establishing the evolutionary relationship of SMT and homocysteine methyltransferase enzymes in plants.”
“It has long been recognized that dyes other than disperse dyes would play a much larger industrial role if they could be applied to poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) fabrics at low temperatures. This research is related to a new process for the dyeing of hydrophobic PET with hydrophilic acid dyestuffs. The process is based on low-pressure plasma polymerization using an ammonia/acetylene gaseous mixture, which provides a nanoporous plasma coating containing accessible amine groups. Surface functionalization and crosslinking have been analyzed with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.

However, the expression mechanism underlying potentiated spontane

However, the expression mechanism underlying potentiated spontaneous release remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the involvement of extracellular and intracellular calcium in basal and potentiated spontaneous release. Miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) of the basolateral amygdala neurons

in acute brain slices were recorded. Forskolin, an adenylate cyclase activator, increased mEPSC frequency, and the increase lasted at least 25 min after washout. Removal of the extracellular calcium decreased mEPSC frequency in both naive and forskolin-treated slices. On the other hand, chelation of intracellular calcium see more by BAPTA-AM decreased mEPSC frequency in naive, but not in forskolin-treated slices. A blockade of the calcium-sensing receptor

(CaSR) resulted in an increase in mEPSC frequency in forskolin-treated, but not in naive slices. mTOR inhibitor These findings indicate that forskolin-induced potentiation is accompanied by changes in the mechanisms underlying Ca2+-dependent spontaneous release. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Individuals with a diagnosis of adult separation anxiety (ASAD) have extreme anxiety about separations, actual or imagined, from major attachment figures. ASAD might represent a psychological/behavioral model for research probably involving a dysregulation of those neurobiological mechanisms of attachment, in particular central oxytocin (OT), described in numerous animal studies. As experimental strategy, we chose the nucleotidic sequencing of the human OT gene of patients with ASAD to evaluate whether OT mutations were related to potential alteration of its production. With this aim, mutation scanning of proximal promoter and untranslated and coding regions of the OT many gene was carried out in 36 patients with ASAD, 14 patients without ASAD, and 26 controls. No mutations were found in promoter

and coding regions of the OT gene in our population. One rare 3′UTR single nucleotide variant (rs17339677) and one intron 2 molecular variant (rs34097556), which showed a high frequency, were evidenced. There was no significant difference in the genotype distribution of this intron 2 polymorphism between patients and healthy individuals. Further research is needed to investigate the association between ASAD and OT peptide and receptor polymorphisms. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The Coccolithoviridae are a group of viruses which infect the marine coccolithophorid microalga Emiliania huxleyi. The Emiliania huxleyi viruses (known as EhVs) described herein have 160- to 180-nm diameter icosahedral structures, have genomes of approximately 400 kbp, and consist of more than 450 predicted coding sequences (CDSs).