The fiber morphology was studied by SEM pattern, EDX, and X-ray d

The fiber morphology was studied by SEM pattern, EDX, and X-ray diffractometer. The results showed that the wool yarns BIBW2992 mw dyed with acid dye along with 25 ppm of silver nanoparticles exhibited a very good antimicrobial effect even after 10 laundering cycles on S. aureus while the rubbing fastness remained unchanged, and the color fastness and tenacity were even improved. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

J Appl Polym Sci 122: 1405-1411, 2011″
“Thin film alternating gradient field magnetometers (AGFM) have potential for measuring magnetic moments of minerals in extraterrestrial soil samples. AGFM sensors offer increased spatial resolution required to detect magnetic nanoparticles for biosensing applications. We have fabricated a patterned thin film with the properties necessary for use in a small AGFM system. Hexagonal-close-packed CoCrPt thin films of 20 and 500 nm were sputtered (nominal composition of Co(66)Cr(15)Pt(19)), showing a high magnetic moment and large out-of-plane

anisotropy. The films showed a Delta theta(50) of better than 3 degrees for the (002) CoCrPt peak for all films, which improves with thickness. The texture is partly due to the NiW and Ru underlayers. The films showed an out-of-plane easy axis, indicating a strong uniaxial anisotropy that exceeds the shape demagnetization energy. This is due to the addition of Cr, which decreases the magnetic moment of the films; magnetoelastic coupling and film stresses may also aid in achieving a perpendicular anisotropy.

The first-order uniaxial anisotropy constants were calculated as a function of Selleck MAPK inhibitor temperature, ranging from 3.7 x 10(6) ergs/cm(3) at room temperature to 6.8 x 10(5) ergs/cm(3) at 500 degrees C, and the T dependence agrees with Akulov’s theory for uniaxial materials. The thickest film was etched with a checkerboard pattern to decrease the demagnetization effects, which are seen more influentially in the thicker films. selleck chemicals This opened up the hysteresis loop, and decreased the amount of field necessary to overcome the thin film geometry. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3536672]“
“Hydroxyapatite/ethylene-vinyl acetate (HA/EVA) composites were prepared by injection molding and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and attenuated total multiple reflection infrared (ATR-IR) spectroscopy. The nonisothermal crystallization behavior of HA/EVA composites at different cooling rates and with different HA content were examined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The results exhibit the occurrence of interaction between HA and EVA, and the HA particles in EVA matrix act as effective nucleation agent. The addition of HA influences the mechanism of nucleation and growth of EVA crystallites. HA particles, as nucleus, are efficient to promote EVA crystallization at early stage but prevent EVA crystal growth in the late stage. The EVA crystallization in the composite is mainly through heterogeneous nucleation.

Conclusion: Nerve block catheter-associated infections are infreq

Conclusion: Nerve block catheter-associated infections are infrequent at our institution despite prolonged CPNB use. Both patients with infection had femoral catheters and prolonged catheter (>= 10 days) use.”
“Study Design. Multicenter, retrospective chart analysis was performed using data housed BTSA1 chemical structure in the trauma registries of 2 independent American College of Surgeons verified, Level I Trauma centers. The trauma registries were queried for all cases of penetrating cervical trauma. Abstracted data included age, sex, race, mechanism of injury, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)

level on arrival, neurologic findings on arrival, zone of injury, associated injuries, imaging studies and results, operations performed, neurologic sequelae, disposition from Metabolism inhibitor the hospital and the presence or absence of neurologic injury, cervical spine fracture, and cervical spine immobilization.

Objective. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between cervical spine immobilization and neurologic sequelae in penetrating cervical trauma.

Summary of Background Data. Current recommendations for cervical spine immobilization in penetrating cervical trauma developed by empiric extension of blunt trauma protocols without evidentiary support. No evidence

exists to support cervical spine immobilization as a means of preventing neurologic injury progression in cases of penetrating cervical injury.

Methods. Abstracted data were organized, entered into a database, and compared AZD1080 inhibitor statistically. Significance was accepted for P < 0.05.

Results. A total of 196 patient charts formed the study cohort. Neurologic injuries either improved or remained static. No patient could be determined to have benefited from cervical spine immobilization in this study as the only 2

patients presenting with unstable cervical spine fractures were completely neurologically devastated at the time of injury. Prehospital cervical spine immobilization may have negatively affected patients with vascular and airway injuries. Decreased cervical spine immobilization rates at one institution did not affect neurologic outcome.

Conclusion. Cervical spine immobilization does not appear to prevent progression of neurologic injury in cases of penetrating cervical trauma. Comorbid penetrating injuries may be negatively impacted by prehospital cervical spine immobilization.”
“Hsp90 proteins are essential molecular chaperones regulating multiple cellular processes in distinct subcellular organelles. In this study, we report the functional characterization of a cDNA encoding endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident Hsp90 from orchardgrass (DgHsp90). DgHsp90 is a 2742 bp cDNA with an open reading frame predicted to encode an 808 amino acid protein.

The entry on nephritis is short and rather confusing Here James

The entry on nephritis is short and rather confusing. Here James even lacks the usual accurate description of cases which could have

made it understandable. Blood letting was extensively used in those days, and OICR-9429 in vivo he is a man of his time, but James was aware of the clinical conditions where it fails. It is understandable that he underlines its role in certain bloody urines in patients with a plethoric constitution. Was James referring to patients with acute nephritis and possibly high blood pressure.”
“OBJECTIVE: To estimate the overall reduction in ovarian cancer risk associated with the use of oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) and whether reduction in risk is affected by specifics of OCP use, such as formulation or duration of use.

DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and for studies published from January 1990 to June 2012, with primary analysis of studies published since January 2000.

METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: We reviewed 6,476 citations. We included English-language controlled studies with human participants

reporting a quantitative association between exposure to OCPs (in which the explicit or implicit indication for OCP use was prevention of pregnancy or ovarian cancer) compared with no use of OCPs. Two investigators independently reviewed the find more title and abstract and full-text of articles for inclusion or exclusion decision; discordant decisions were resolved by team review and consensus.

TABULATION, INTEGRATION, AND RESULTS: P505-15 Fifty-five studies met inclusion criteria. A random-effects meta-analysis of 24 case-control and cohort studies showed significant reduction in ovarian cancer incidence in ever-users compared with never-users (odds ratio 0.73, 95% confidence interval 0.66-0.81). There was a significant duration-response relationship, with reduction in incidence of more

than 50% among women using OCPs for 10 or more years. The lifetime reduction in ovarian cancer attributable to the use of OCPs is approximately 0.54% for a number-needed-to-treat of approximately 185 for a use period of 5 years.

CONCLUSION: Significant duration-dependent reductions in ovarian cancer incidence in the general population are associated with OCP use.”
“The first 6 months of 1960 saw the development of the shunt that first made long-term hemodialysis possible for patients dying from chronic kidney failure. A brief account of hemodialysis for acute kidney failure prior to 1960 is followed by a description of the work of Belding Scribner, Wayne Quinton and David Dillard at the University of Washington in Seattle.

“Study Design Human cadaveric ilio-lumbosacral spines wer

“Study Design. Human cadaveric ilio-lumbosacral spines were tested in an in vitro biomechanical flexibility

experiment to investigate the biomechanical stability provided by four different types of spinal reconstruction techniques after spondylectomy of the L5 vertebral body.

Objective. To compare the biomechanical stability provided by four reconstruction methods after L5 spondylectomy.

Summary of Background Data. Clinical studies have shown that total spondylectomy of the L5 vertebral body presents a selleck compound challenging scenario for spinal reconstruction. Biomechanical studies on spinal reconstruction after total spondylectomy have been performed at the thoracolumbar junction. However, there have been no biomechanical studies after L5 spondylectomy.

Methods. Seven cadaveric buy Foretinib lumbosacral spines (L2-S1) with intact ilium were used. After intact testing, spondylectomy

of the L5 vertebra was performed and the spine was reconstructed using an expandable cage for anterior column support. Supplementary fixation was performed as a sequential order of: (1) bilateral pedicle screws at L4-S1 (SP), (2) anterior plate and bilateral pedicle screws at L4-S1 (ASP), (3) bilateral pedicle screws at L3-S1 and iliac screws (MP), and (4) anterior plate at L4-S1, bilateral pedicle screws at L3-S1 and iliac screws (AMP). Range of motion (ROM) for each construct was obtained by applying pure moments in selleck flexion, extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation.

Results. In flexion, extension and lateral bending all the instrumented constructs significantly decreased (P < 0.05) the range of motion (ROM) compared to intact. In axial rotation, only the circumferential support constructs (ASP, AMP) provided significantly decreased (P < 0.05) ROM, whereas posterior instrumentations alone (SP, MP) were comparable to intact spines.

Conclusion. After L5 spondylectomy, the L4-S1 cage with posterior short segment instrumentation

provides stability in lateral bending that is not further increased by adding L3 pedicle-iliac screws and L4-S1 anterior plate. However, an anterior L4-S1 plate provides additional stability in flexion, extension, and axial rotation.”
“Objective: The goal of this study was to summarize the results of language cortex mapping using electrical cortical stimulation with modified language tasks for Mandarin-speaking patients with epilepsy.

Methods: Electrical currents were delivered through implanted subdural electrodes to six Mandarin-speaking patients before epilepsy surgery. The current intensities inducing any language disturbance during comprehension, repetition, and speech tasks were recorded, and individual cortical mapping was completed to guide subsequent resection, with the distance between mapped language sites and resected zones kept at a minimum of 0.5 cm. Language function was reassessed and followed up after surgery.

METHODS: In this secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized t

METHODS: In this secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized treatment trial of mild gestational diabetes, the median fasting and 2-hour postprandial glucose levels were analyzed in 2-week intervals and change over GSK690693 molecular weight time (slope) was calculated for women with gestational diabetes (abnormal oral glucose tolerance test) and a fasting glucose less than 95 mg/dL who received nutritional management with self blood glucose monitoring and insulin

as needed. Regression analyses were performed to estimate the relationship between median fasting and postprandial glucose and neonatal fat mass, cord blood C-peptide, birth weight, large-for-gestational-age neonates, macrosomia (greater than 4,000 g), and neonatal hypoglycemia.

RESULTS: Among 460 women with gestational diabetes, median fasting (P <.001), postprandial breakfast (P <.001), and postprandial lunch (P <.001) glucose values declined over the treatment period, whereas postprandial dinner values remained stable (P=.83). Higher median fasting glucose during the first 2 weeks of treatment was significantly associated with increased NCT-501 in vitro odds

ratios for neonatal fat mass (1.35; 95% CI 1.09-1.66; P=.006) and elevated C-peptide (1.29; CI 1.09-1.52; P=.003). Higher median fasting glucose during the last 2 weeks before delivery was associated with higher rates of large-for-gestational-age neonates (1.27; CI 1.05-1.53; P=.01), macrosomia (1.32; CI 1.04-1.65; P=.02), and elevated C-peptide (1.19; CI 1.03-1.38; P=.02).

CONCLUSION: In women treated for mild gestational diabetes, higher fasting glucose during initiation of diet therapy was associated with increased neonatal fat mass and elevated C-peptide and during the last 2 weeks before delivery with macrosomia, large-for-gestational age, and elevated C-peptide. (Obstet Gynecol 2011;117:819-27) DOI: 10.1097/AOG.0b013e31820fc6cf”

number of hydrolyzing enzymes that are secreted from malt during brewing, including cell wall-hydrolyzing, saccharide-hydrolyzing, protein-degrading, lipid-hydrolyzing, and polyphenol and thiol-hydrolyzing enzymes, are expected to exist in an active form in waste from beer fermentation broth (WBFB). In this study, the existence of these enzymes was confirmed by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, after which enzyme extract was partially purified through a series of purification steps. The hydrolyzing enzyme activity was then measured under various conditions at each purification step using carboxymethyl cellulose as a substrate. The best hydrolyzing activities of partially purified enzymes were found at pH 4.5 and 50 degrees C in a citrate buffer system. The enzymes showed highest thermal stability at 30 degrees C when exposed for prolonged time. As the temperature increased gradually from 25 to 70 degrees C, yeast cells in the chemically defined medium with enzyme extract lost their cell wall and viability earlier than those without enzyme extract.

We study the

We study the selleck chemicals theoretical foundation and the experimental test of this view.”
“Background: Calculation of disease rates in developing countries using facility-based surveillance is affected by patterns of health utilization. We describe temporal patterns in health care seeking by syndrome as part of population-based morbidity surveillance in rural western Kenya.

Methods: From July 2006 to June 2008, health utilization data were collected from 27 171 participants at biweekly home visits and at Lwak Hospital, the designated referral clinic where free care provided by dedicated study clinical staff was available. Ill persons were asked

if and where they sought care. Proportions seeking care for children and adults with fever, acute respiratory infection (ARI), acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI), and diarrhea were compared by Chi-square test. Care-seeking by distance was evaluated by logistic regression.

Results: While care-seeking outside the home was common for all syndromes (>50%), only 18-38% of care-seeking was to health facilities. Children were more likely than adults to Galunisertib visit health facilities for all syndromes. Of ill persons visiting Lwak Hospital, 45-54% had previously sought care elsewhere, mostly from informal drug sellers, and 11-24% with fever, ARI, or ALRI had already taken an antimalarial

or antibiotic. The distance from the participant’s home to Lwak Hospital was the most common reason (71%) for ill participants not seeking care there. The likelihood of visiting Lwak decreased with increasing distance of residence (p < 0.001) and fluctuated significantly over the study period.

Conclusions: Even in a study setting where free and reliable care is offered, health utilization is affected by other factors, such as distance. Health utilization data in population-based surveillance are important in adjusting disease rates. (C) 2010 International Society for

Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Regret helps to optimize decision behaviour. It can be defined as a rational emotion. Several recent neurobiological studies have Emricasan cell line confirmed the interface between emotion and cognition at which regret is located and documented its role in decision behaviour. These data give credibility to the incorporation of regret in decision theory that had been proposed by economists in the 1980s. However, finer distinctions are required in order to get a better grasp of how regret and behaviour influence each other. Regret can be defined as a predictive error signal but this signal does not necessarily transpose into a decision-weight influencing behaviour. Clinical studies on several types of patients show that the processing of an error signal and its influence on subsequent behaviour can be dissociated. We propose a general understanding of how regret and decision-making are connected in terms of regret being modulated by rational antecedents of choice.


included clonogenic survival, micronucleus form


included clonogenic survival, micronucleus formation and foci formation at histone 2AX over doses ranging from 10-100 cGy.

Results: The results showed no evidence of a low-LET radiation-induced bystander response for the endpoints of clonogenic survival and induction of DNA damage. Nor did we see evidence of a high-LET, Fe ion radiation (1 GeV/n) induced bystander effect. However, direct comparison for 3.2 McV alpha-particle exposures showed a statistically significant medium transfer bystander effect for this high-LET radiation.

Conclusions: From our results, it is evident that there are many confounding factors influencing bystander responses as reported in the literature. Our observations reflect the inherent variability in biological systems and the difficulties in extrapolating from in vitro models to radiation risks in humans.”
“Hot phonon effects are of interest for heterostructure Fer-1 cell line field effect

transistors where CDK inhibitor heat dissipation depends on the lifetime of the longitudinal optical mode. Previous treatments have ignored the coupling of plasmon and phonons. Here, a bulk-phonon model is used to examine the effects of hot phonon-plasmon coupled modes based on the random-phase Lindhard dielectric function with nondegenerate statistics and a nonparabolic conduction band. Comparison of the results concerning power dissipation and drift velocity with those for bare phonons assuming a constant phonon lifetime indicate no striking differences. The phonon lifetime is known to exhibit a temperature and electron density dependence in GaN. Incorporating the observed dependence of lifetime on electron density profoundly affects the hot phonon effect. We find that the drift velocity, as expected, becomes limited by the production of hot phonons at high electric fields as the electron density is increased but this reduction in velocity is ameliorated by the concomitant

reduction in the phonon lifetime with increasing density. The result is that hot phonon effects become insensitive to electron density at high fields. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3500329]“
“The selleck inhibitor synthesis and antiproliferative activity of new coumarin-based benzopyranone derivatives containing basic amino side chain are described. The cytotoxicities against A549 and MCF-7 human cancerous cell lines were determined after 24, 48, 72h drug exposure employing MTT assay at concentrations ranging from 0-100 mu M. The antiproliferative activities of these compounds were compared to tamoxifen (TAM), 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OHT), raloxifene (RAL), 17 beta-estradiol (E2) and Diethylstilbestrol (DES). In vitro results indicated that compounds 10 and 12 were the most potent showing significant inhibitory activities against these cell lines. Furthermore, their antiproliferative activity against MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line is comparable to that of TAM, RAL and 4-OHT.

Deja vu experiences are also common mental phenomena in nonclinic

Deja vu experiences are also common mental phenomena in nonclinical individuals. The purpose of this study was to clarify two forms of deja vu experiences in persons with epilepsy. Deja vu experiences of 312 patients with epilepsy and

402 nonclinical individuals were evaluated using the Inventory of Deja vu Experiences Assessment. In the patients with epilepsy, characteristics of deja vu experiences with seizure recognition (SR form) were compared with those experiences with no seizure recognition (NSR form). The incidence (63.1%) of deja vu experiences in patients with epilepsy was significantly lower than that (76.1%) of nonclinical individuals (x(2) = 14.2, P = 0.000). Among the patients with epilepsy, 55.6% had the NSR form and 24.0% had the SR form. Those with the NSR form manifested fewer psychopathological characteristics than did those with the SR form. Patients tended to view the SR form SCH 900776 in vitro more negatively (i.e., frightened, uncomfortable, or disturbed) selleck compound than

the NSR form. The NSR form was significantly associated with idiopathic generalized epilepsies, less frequent antiepileptic drug administration, and no mesial temporal sclerosis. Although there was a significant association between the frequency of the SR form and patients’ habitual seizures, the frequency of the NSR form was not associated with the frequency of the patients’ habitual seizures. Persons with epilepsy experience two forms of deja vu which are differently associated with their seizure recognition. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Background and aims: Chronic hyperglycaemia aggravates obesity and diabetes mellitus. The use of glucose by body organs depends on several factors. We sought to investigate the role

of blood flow, intrinsic tissue glucose clearance and blood glucose levels in regulating tissue glucose uptake under fasting conditions (FCs) and in response to acute hyperglycaemia (AH) in obese and type 2 diabetic rats.

Methods and results: Thirty-six Zucker rats were studied by positron emission tomography to quantify perfusion and glucose uptake during FC and after AH in the liver, myocardium, skeletal muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue. GSK2118436 Progressively higher glucose uptake rates were observed from lean to obese (p < 0.05) and to diabetic rats (p < 0.05) in all tissues during both FC and AH. In FC, they were increased of 7-18 times in obese rats and 11-30 times in diabetic rats versus controls. Tissue glucose uptake was increased by over 10-fold during AH in controls; this response was severely blunted in diseased groups. AH tended to stimulate organ perfusion in control rats. Tissue glucose uptake was a function of intrinsic clearance and glycaemia (mass action) in healthy animals, but the latter component was lost in diseased animals. Differences in perfusion did not account for those in glucose uptake.

“Background: Although in health services survey research w

“Background: Although in health services survey research we strive for a high response rate, this must be balanced against the need to recruit participants ethically

and considerately, particularly in surveys with a sensitive nature. In survey research there are no established recommendations to guide recruitment approach and an ‘opt-in’ system that requires potential participants to request a copy of the questionnaire by Duvelisib Angiogenesis inhibitor returning a reply slip is frequently adopted. However, in observational research the risk to participants is lower than in clinical research and so some surveys have used an ‘opt-out’ system. The effect of this approach on response and distress is unknown. We sought to investigate this in a survey of end of life care completed by bereaved relatives.

Methods: Out of a sample of 1422 bereaved relatives we assigned potential participants to one of two study groups: an ‘opt in’ group (n=711) where a letter of invitation was issued with a reply slip to request a copy of the questionnaire; or an ‘opt

out’ group (n=711) where the survey questionnaire was provided alongside the invitation letter. Selleckchem VX-661 We assessed response and distress between groups.

Results: From a sample of 1422, 473 participants returned questionnaires. Response was higher in the ‘opt out’ group than in the ‘opt in’ group (40% compared to 26.4% chi(2) =29.79, p-value<.01), there were no differences in distress or complaints about the survey between groups, and assignment to the ‘opt out’ group was an independent predictor of response (OR=1.84, 95% CI: 1.45-2.34). Moreover, the ‘opt in’ group were more likely to decline to participate (chi(2)=28.60, see more p-value<.01) and there was a difference in the pattern of questionnaire responses between study groups.

Conclusion: Given that the ‘opt out’ method of recruitment is associated

with a higher response than the ‘opt in’ method, seems to have no impact on complaints or distress about the survey, and there are differences in the patterns of responses between groups, the ‘opt out’ method could be recommended as the most efficient way to recruit into surveys, even in those with a sensitive nature.”
“This study evaluated the effect of Cordia verbenacea essential oil (CV) and glycolic acid 70 % (GA), isolated and associated, on Wistar rats back skin. A base gel was added to 2 % of CV and/or 10 % of GA, thus forming 4 formulations: 1) GA + CV, 2) CV, 3) GA, and 4) gel base. All formulation had their final pH adjusted to 3,5 and were applied once daily, for 15 consecutive days, on 4 areas with 1 cm(2), while another area without application (control). Statistical analysis of biopsies showed no difference in epidermis thickness and stratum corneum. Among fibroblast counts there was a statistical significance for groups exposed to the GA and to the association.

(Circ Cardiovasc Genet 2012;5:441-449 )”
“The present work

(Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2012;5:441-449.)”
“The present work described the disorder induced magnetic properties of Sr2FeMoO6 (SFMO) samples. The crystal structure and magnetic order of SFMO samples with nanosized grains were studied using x-ray diffraction spectrum, scanning electron microscope morphology, and magnetic Selleck PD98059 measurements. Thermal annealing of as prepared chemical routed materials showed an increase in grain size and in the magnetic moment per formula unit. A small

decrease in magnetic moment was noted at higher annealing temperature. At the same time, the ac susceptibility measurement indicated the presence of a magnetic spin glass phase in the material, coexisting with the ferromagnetic matrix. The observation of the magnetic glassy phase confirmed the presence of intrinsic disorder in the lattice structure of SFMO. The signature of intrinsic disorder in the samples, irrespective of annealing temperatures, is also realized from the splitting of temperature dependent field cooled learn more and zero field cooled magnetization curves. Such magnetic splitting in the temperature dependence

of magnetization curves is suppressed at a higher magnetic field. A careful analysis of the temperature and field dependent magnetization data provided more insight on the grain size dependent disorder in the double perovskite structure. (C) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3236566]“
“Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent organic pollutants present in human blood and milk. Exposure to PCBs during pregnancy and lactation leads to cognitive

impairment in children. Perinatal exposure to PCB 153 or PCB 126 impairs the glutamate-nitric oxide-cGMP pathway in cerebellum in vivo and learning ability in adult rats. The aims of this work were: (1) to assess whether long-term exposure of primary cultures of cerebellar neurons to PCB 153 or PCB 126 reproduces the impairment in the function of the glutamate-nitric oxide-cGMP pathway found in rat cerebellum in vivo; (2) to provide some insight on the steps of the pathway affected by these PCBs; (3) to assess whether the mechanisms of interference of the pathway are different for PCB 126 and PCB 153. Both PCB 153 and PCB 126 increase basal levels of cGMP by different mechanisms. PCB 126 increases the amount of soluble guanylate cyclase while PCB 153 does not. PCB 153 reduces the amount selleck products of calmodulin while PCB 126 does not. Also both PCBs impair the function of the glutamate-nitric oxide-cGMP pathway by different mechanisms, PCB 153 impairs nitric oxide-induced activation of soluble guanylate cyclase and increase in cGMP while PCB 126 does not. PCB 126 reduces NMDA-induced increase in calcium while PCB 153 does not. When PCB 153 and PCB 126 exhibit the same effect, PCB 126 was more potent than PCB 153, as occurs in vivo.”
“Background-Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. The cardiac sodium channel, Na(v)1.